external/bsd/bind/dist/doc/arm/man.dnssec-keyfromlabel.html
author bouyer <bouyer@NetBSD.org>
Sun, 15 Nov 2015 19:17:51 +0000
branchnetbsd-6-1
changeset 277127 23d5207bb72e
parent 277086 83c07c604c12
child 257482 2be21b9dcdf6
child 277140 9f93d5820486
permissions -rw-r--r--
Apply patch, requested by spz in ticket 1329: Update bind to 9.9.7-P3

<!--
 - Copyright (C) 2004-2015 Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
 - Copyright (C) 2000-2003 Internet Software Consortium.
 - 
 - Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
 - purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
 - copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
 - 
 - THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ISC DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH
 - REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
 - AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL ISC BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT,
 - INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM
 - LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE
 - OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR
 - PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
-->
<!-- Id -->
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1">
<title>dnssec-keyfromlabel</title>
<meta name="generator" content="DocBook XSL Stylesheets V1.71.1">
<link rel="start" href="Bv9ARM.html" title="BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual">
<link rel="up" href="Bv9ARM.ch13.html" title="Manual pages">
<link rel="prev" href="man.dnssec-dsfromkey.html" title="dnssec-dsfromkey">
<link rel="next" href="man.dnssec-keygen.html" title="dnssec-keygen">
</head>
<body bgcolor="white" text="black" link="#0000FF" vlink="#840084" alink="#0000FF">
<div class="navheader">
<table width="100%" summary="Navigation header">
<tr><th colspan="3" align="center"><span class="application">dnssec-keyfromlabel</span></th></tr>
<tr>
<td width="20%" align="left">
<a accesskey="p" href="man.dnssec-dsfromkey.html">Prev</a> </td>
<th width="60%" align="center">Manual pages</th>
<td width="20%" align="right"> <a accesskey="n" href="man.dnssec-keygen.html">Next</a>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
<hr>
</div>
<div class="refentry" lang="en">
<a name="man.dnssec-keyfromlabel"></a><div class="titlepage"></div>
<div class="refnamediv">
<h2>Name</h2>
<p><span class="application">dnssec-keyfromlabel</span> &#8212; DNSSEC key generation tool</p>
</div>
<div class="refsynopsisdiv">
<h2>Synopsis</h2>
<div class="cmdsynopsis"><p><code class="command">dnssec-keyfromlabel</code>  {-l <em class="replaceable"><code>label</code></em>} [<code class="option">-3</code>] [<code class="option">-a <em class="replaceable"><code>algorithm</code></em></code>] [<code class="option">-A <em class="replaceable"><code>date/offset</code></em></code>] [<code class="option">-c <em class="replaceable"><code>class</code></em></code>] [<code class="option">-D <em class="replaceable"><code>date/offset</code></em></code>] [<code class="option">-E <em class="replaceable"><code>engine</code></em></code>] [<code class="option">-f <em class="replaceable"><code>flag</code></em></code>] [<code class="option">-G</code>] [<code class="option">-I <em class="replaceable"><code>date/offset</code></em></code>] [<code class="option">-i <em class="replaceable"><code>interval</code></em></code>] [<code class="option">-k</code>] [<code class="option">-K <em class="replaceable"><code>directory</code></em></code>] [<code class="option">-L <em class="replaceable"><code>ttl</code></em></code>] [<code class="option">-n <em class="replaceable"><code>nametype</code></em></code>] [<code class="option">-P <em class="replaceable"><code>date/offset</code></em></code>] [<code class="option">-p <em class="replaceable"><code>protocol</code></em></code>] [<code class="option">-R <em class="replaceable"><code>date/offset</code></em></code>] [<code class="option">-S <em class="replaceable"><code>key</code></em></code>] [<code class="option">-t <em class="replaceable"><code>type</code></em></code>] [<code class="option">-v <em class="replaceable"><code>level</code></em></code>] [<code class="option">-V</code>] [<code class="option">-y</code>] {name}</p></div>
</div>
<div class="refsect1" lang="en">
<a name="id2616918"></a><h2>DESCRIPTION</h2>
<p><span><strong class="command">dnssec-keyfromlabel</strong></span>
      generates a key pair of files that referencing a key object stored
      in a cryptographic hardware service module (HSM).  The private key
      file can be used for DNSSEC signing of zone data as if it were a
      conventional signing key created by <span><strong class="command">dnssec-keygen</strong></span>,
      but the key material is stored within the HSM, and the actual signing
      takes place there.
    </p>
<p>
      The <code class="option">name</code> of the key is specified on the command
      line.  This must match the name of the zone for which the key is
      being generated.
    </p>
</div>
<div class="refsect1" lang="en">
<a name="id2616944"></a><h2>OPTIONS</h2>
<div class="variablelist"><dl>
<dt><span class="term">-a <em class="replaceable"><code>algorithm</code></em></span></dt>
<dd>
<p>
	    Selects the cryptographic algorithm.  The value of
            <code class="option">algorithm</code> must be one of RSAMD5, RSASHA1,
	    DSA, NSEC3RSASHA1, NSEC3DSA, RSASHA256, RSASHA512, ECCGOST,
	    ECDSAP256SHA256 or ECDSAP384SHA384.
	    These values are case insensitive.
	  </p>
<p>
            If no algorithm is specified, then RSASHA1 will be used by
            default, unless the <code class="option">-3</code> option is specified,
            in which case NSEC3RSASHA1 will be used instead.  (If
            <code class="option">-3</code> is used and an algorithm is specified,
            that algorithm will be checked for compatibility with NSEC3.)
          </p>
<p>
            Note 1: that for DNSSEC, RSASHA1 is a mandatory to implement
            algorithm, and DSA is recommended.
          </p>
<p>
            Note 2: DH automatically sets the -k flag.
          </p>
</dd>
<dt><span class="term">-3</span></dt>
<dd><p>
	    Use an NSEC3-capable algorithm to generate a DNSSEC key.
            If this option is used and no algorithm is explicitly
            set on the command line, NSEC3RSASHA1 will be used by
            default.
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-E <em class="replaceable"><code>engine</code></em></span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Specifies the name of the crypto hardware (OpenSSL engine).
            When compiled with PKCS#11 support it defaults to "pkcs11".
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-l <em class="replaceable"><code>label</code></em></span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Specifies the label of the key pair in the crypto hardware.
            The label may be preceded by an optional OpenSSL engine name,
            separated by a colon, as in "pkcs11:keylabel".
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-n <em class="replaceable"><code>nametype</code></em></span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Specifies the owner type of the key.  The value of
            <code class="option">nametype</code> must either be ZONE (for a DNSSEC
            zone key (KEY/DNSKEY)), HOST or ENTITY (for a key associated with
            a host (KEY)),
            USER (for a key associated with a user(KEY)) or OTHER (DNSKEY).
            These values are case insensitive.
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-C</span></dt>
<dd><p>
	    Compatibility mode:  generates an old-style key, without
	    any metadata.  By default, <span><strong class="command">dnssec-keyfromlabel</strong></span>
	    will include the key's creation date in the metadata stored
	    with the private key, and other dates may be set there as well
	    (publication date, activation date, etc).  Keys that include
	    this data may be incompatible with older versions of BIND; the
	    <code class="option">-C</code> option suppresses them.
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-c <em class="replaceable"><code>class</code></em></span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Indicates that the DNS record containing the key should have
            the specified class.  If not specified, class IN is used.
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-f <em class="replaceable"><code>flag</code></em></span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Set the specified flag in the flag field of the KEY/DNSKEY record.
            The only recognized flags are KSK (Key Signing Key) and REVOKE.
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-G</span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Generate a key, but do not publish it or sign with it.  This
            option is incompatible with -P and -A.
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-h</span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Prints a short summary of the options and arguments to
            <span><strong class="command">dnssec-keyfromlabel</strong></span>.
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-K <em class="replaceable"><code>directory</code></em></span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Sets the directory in which the key files are to be written.
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-k</span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Generate KEY records rather than DNSKEY records.
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-L <em class="replaceable"><code>ttl</code></em></span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Sets the default TTL to use for this key when it is converted
            into a DNSKEY RR.  If the key is imported into a zone,
            this is the TTL that will be used for it, unless there was
            already a DNSKEY RRset in place, in which case the existing TTL
            would take precedence.  Setting the default TTL to
            <code class="literal">0</code> or <code class="literal">none</code> removes it.
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-p <em class="replaceable"><code>protocol</code></em></span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Sets the protocol value for the key.  The protocol
            is a number between 0 and 255.  The default is 3 (DNSSEC).
            Other possible values for this argument are listed in
            RFC 2535 and its successors.
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-S <em class="replaceable"><code>key</code></em></span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Generate a key as an explicit successor to an existing key.
	    The name, algorithm, size, and type of the key will be set
	    to match the predecessor. The activation date of the new
	    key will be set to the inactivation date of the existing
	    one. The publication date will be set to the activation
	    date minus the prepublication interval, which defaults to
	    30 days.
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-t <em class="replaceable"><code>type</code></em></span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Indicates the use of the key.  <code class="option">type</code> must be
            one of AUTHCONF, NOAUTHCONF, NOAUTH, or NOCONF.  The default
            is AUTHCONF.  AUTH refers to the ability to authenticate
            data, and CONF the ability to encrypt data.
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-v <em class="replaceable"><code>level</code></em></span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Sets the debugging level.
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-V</span></dt>
<dd><p>
	    Prints version information.
	  </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-y</span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Allows DNSSEC key files to be generated even if the key ID
	    would collide with that of an existing key, in the event of
	    either key being revoked.  (This is only safe to use if you
            are sure you won't be using RFC 5011 trust anchor maintenance
            with either of the keys involved.)
          </p></dd>
</dl></div>
</div>
<div class="refsect1" lang="en">
<a name="id2619282"></a><h2>TIMING OPTIONS</h2>
<p>
      Dates can be expressed in the format YYYYMMDD or YYYYMMDDHHMMSS.
      If the argument begins with a '+' or '-', it is interpreted as
      an offset from the present time.  For convenience, if such an offset
      is followed by one of the suffixes 'y', 'mo', 'w', 'd', 'h', or 'mi',
      then the offset is computed in years (defined as 365 24-hour days,
      ignoring leap years), months (defined as 30 24-hour days), weeks,
      days, hours, or minutes, respectively.  Without a suffix, the offset
      is computed in seconds.  To explicitly prevent a date from being
      set, use 'none' or 'never'.
    </p>
<div class="variablelist"><dl>
<dt><span class="term">-P <em class="replaceable"><code>date/offset</code></em></span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Sets the date on which a key is to be published to the zone.
            After that date, the key will be included in the zone but will
            not be used to sign it.  If not set, and if the -G option has
            not been used, the default is "now".
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-A <em class="replaceable"><code>date/offset</code></em></span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Sets the date on which the key is to be activated.  After that
            date, the key will be included in the zone and used to sign
            it.  If not set, and if the -G option has not been used, the
            default is "now".
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-R <em class="replaceable"><code>date/offset</code></em></span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Sets the date on which the key is to be revoked.  After that
            date, the key will be flagged as revoked.  It will be included
            in the zone and will be used to sign it.
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-I <em class="replaceable"><code>date/offset</code></em></span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Sets the date on which the key is to be retired.  After that
            date, the key will still be included in the zone, but it
            will not be used to sign it.
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-D <em class="replaceable"><code>date/offset</code></em></span></dt>
<dd><p>
            Sets the date on which the key is to be deleted.  After that
            date, the key will no longer be included in the zone.  (It
            may remain in the key repository, however.)
          </p></dd>
<dt><span class="term">-i <em class="replaceable"><code>interval</code></em></span></dt>
<dd>
<p>
            Sets the prepublication interval for a key.  If set, then
            the publication and activation dates must be separated by at least
            this much time.  If the activation date is specified but the
            publication date isn't, then the publication date will default
            to this much time before the activation date; conversely, if
            the publication date is specified but activation date isn't,
            then activation will be set to this much time after publication.
          </p>
<p>
            If the key is being created as an explicit successor to another
            key, then the default prepublication interval is 30 days; 
            otherwise it is zero.
          </p>
<p>
            As with date offsets, if the argument is followed by one of
            the suffixes 'y', 'mo', 'w', 'd', 'h', or 'mi', then the
            interval is measured in years, months, weeks, days, hours,
            or minutes, respectively.  Without a suffix, the interval is
            measured in seconds.
          </p>
</dd>
</dl></div>
</div>
<div class="refsect1" lang="en">
<a name="id2670467"></a><h2>GENERATED KEY FILES</h2>
<p>
      When <span><strong class="command">dnssec-keyfromlabel</strong></span> completes
      successfully,
      it prints a string of the form <code class="filename">Knnnn.+aaa+iiiii</code>
      to the standard output.  This is an identification string for
      the key files it has generated.
    </p>
<div class="itemizedlist"><ul type="disc">
<li><p><code class="filename">nnnn</code> is the key name.
        </p></li>
<li><p><code class="filename">aaa</code> is the numeric representation
          of the algorithm.
        </p></li>
<li><p><code class="filename">iiiii</code> is the key identifier (or
          footprint).
        </p></li>
</ul></div>
<p><span><strong class="command">dnssec-keyfromlabel</strong></span> 
      creates two files, with names based
      on the printed string.  <code class="filename">Knnnn.+aaa+iiiii.key</code>
      contains the public key, and
      <code class="filename">Knnnn.+aaa+iiiii.private</code> contains the
      private key.
    </p>
<p>
      The <code class="filename">.key</code> file contains a DNS KEY record
      that
      can be inserted into a zone file (directly or with a $INCLUDE
      statement).
    </p>
<p>
      The <code class="filename">.private</code> file contains
      algorithm-specific
      fields.  For obvious security reasons, this file does not have
      general read permission.
    </p>
</div>
<div class="refsect1" lang="en">
<a name="id2670561"></a><h2>SEE ALSO</h2>
<p><span class="citerefentry"><span class="refentrytitle">dnssec-keygen</span>(8)</span>,
      <span class="citerefentry"><span class="refentrytitle">dnssec-signzone</span>(8)</span>,
      <em class="citetitle">BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual</em>,
      <em class="citetitle">RFC 4034</em>.
    </p>
</div>
<div class="refsect1" lang="en">
<a name="id2670662"></a><h2>AUTHOR</h2>
<p><span class="corpauthor">Internet Systems Consortium</span>
    </p>
</div>
</div>
<div class="navfooter">
<hr>
<table width="100%" summary="Navigation footer">
<tr>
<td width="40%" align="left">
<a accesskey="p" href="man.dnssec-dsfromkey.html">Prev</a> </td>
<td width="20%" align="center"><a accesskey="u" href="Bv9ARM.ch13.html">Up</a></td>
<td width="40%" align="right"> <a accesskey="n" href="man.dnssec-keygen.html">Next</a>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td width="40%" align="left" valign="top">
<span class="application">dnssec-dsfromkey</span> </td>
<td width="20%" align="center"><a accesskey="h" href="Bv9ARM.html">Home</a></td>
<td width="40%" align="right" valign="top"> <span class="application">dnssec-keygen</span>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
</div>
<p style="text-align: center;">BIND 9.9.7-P3 (Extended Support Version)</p>
</body>
</html>